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The Link

May 2010

Welcome to the Link. Each month the ipl2 brings you some of the best information sites on the Internet. If you have an Internet connection, you can connect with us!

This month’s issue is bursting with colorful and informative websites. The May calendar is full of birthdays and Independence Days, so take a moment and explore some of the diverse cultures across our world!

Suggest a site for the ipl2. Know of a great site, but you cannot find it in the ipl2? Use the form located at http://www.ipl.org/div/contact/ to let us know about good resources to add to our collections.

May 1 – The Kentucky Derby

Derby Experience – Kentucky Derby
http://www.kentuckyderby.com/experience

This official site for the Kentucky Derby includes Derby history and Derby customs, as well as information about this year’s Kentucky Derby.

May Day

May Day is Lei Day in Hawai’i
http://www.kaahelehawaii.com/LeiDay.html

The article describes the celebration of Lei Day in Hawai’i on May 1. It includes photos and material about the Lei Day pageant and lei competition, and a calendar of Lei Day events. Also includes links to related sites.

Cinco de Mayo

Dancers at the annual Cinco de Mayo Festival in Washington D.C.
Dancers at the annual Cinco de Mayo Festival in Washington D.C.
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cinco_de_Mayo_dancers_in_Washington_DC.jpg

Cinco de Mayo
http://www.nacnet.org/assunta/spa5may.htm

An account of the events that occurred during the Battle of Puebla, Mexico, on May 5, 1862, and a brief explanation of why this day is important. The site is in English and Spanish, and it includes a bibliography.

Cinco de Mayo: Recipes and Cooking: Food Network
http://www.foodnetwork.com/holidays-and-parties/index.html

For this year’s Cinco de Mayo celebration, top your table with wonderful food from south of the border.” The Food Network provides recipes for this Mexican celebration (to “commemorate the victory of the Mexicans over the French army in 1862″) with several each for salsa, guacamole, nachos, empanadas, enchiladas, tamales, burritos, tacos, fajitas, and desserts.

The History of Cinco de Mayo
http://www.mexonline.com/cinco-de-mayo.htm

A site providing brief background about the holiday “Cinco De Mayo,” May 5 “commemorates the victory of the Mexican militia over the French army at The Battle of Puebla in 1862. It is not, as many people think, Mexico’s Independence Day, which is actually September 16.” Mexonline is a guide to Mexico founded by an author and radio host.

Cinco de Mayo
http://holidays.kaboose.com/cinco-de-mayo

This wonderful site gives resources for party and activity ideas for celebrating Cinco de Mayo. It includes crafts (maracas and Mexican flag), recipes (guacamole and tortilla soup), and activity pages. It also includes quick facts and history about this holiday that “is the anniversary of a battle that took place between the Mexicans and the French in 1862″ and is “mainly observed in the state capital of Puebla” and in the U.S.

May 6 – Hindenburg Explosion (1937)

Hindenburg (LZ-129)
http://www.nlhs.com/hindenburg.htm

This interesting website contains information about the German passenger airship, which was “destroyed in a tragic fire on May 6, 1937″ at the Navy Air Station at Lakehurst, New Jersey. The site features images of the Hindenburg’s construction, its interior, and artifacts.

Hindenburg Burning
Hindenburg Burning
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hindenburg_burning.jpg

May 8 – Victory in Europe (VE) Day

Victory in Europe Day
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/veday_germany_01.shtml

This site provides information about the activities on May 8, 1945, known as “Victory in Europe” (VE) Day, which marked the formal end of World War II in Europe. It “examines how the defeat of Hitler’s Germany was greeted in Britain and around the world.” Topics include Germany’s unconditional surrender and the continuing war in Asia. Also includes a short bibliography. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Harry S. Truman, born May 8, 1884

PBS American Experience on Truman
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/truman/

This is the companion site to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) American Experience program about Harry S. Truman, the 33rd U.S. president. It features biographical material, a timeline, documents, and an image gallery. It also includes information about domestic policy.

Harry S Truman: A 50th Anniversary Commemoration of His Presidency
http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/history/truman.asp

This illustrated article provides biographical details about Harry S. Truman, the 33rd U.S. president. Also includes a link to the exhibit about the 1948 presidential election: “Upset! Truman’s Whistle Stop Campaign Remembered.” From the Missouri State Archives.

Truman Library
http://www.trumanlibrary.org/

This complex site links visitors to many aspects of Truman’s presidency and life. Find his daily calendar of presidential appointments, pictures from his military and personal life, analyses of his important decisions, oral histories, online documents, descriptions of archival collections, and exhibits. The searchable site includes educational resources and information on the Korean War and World War II.

Truman National Historic Site
http://www.nps.gov/hstr/

This is a website for the Independence, Missouri, home where Harry S. Truman lived between 1919 and 1972, and for the Truman Farm Home in Grandview, Missouri. It features historical essays, images of artifacts, a link to an exhibition about the 33rd U.S. president, and curriculum materials. There is also a small exhibit about preserving the home, and general information about visiting the historic site. From the National Park Service (NPS).

May 9, 2010 – Mother’s Day History

Mother’s Day: What You Need to Know
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/mothersday/a/early.htm

From About.com – This site offers historical facts about Mother’s Day, links to information about famous mothers, and several ideas for celebrating the holiday.

Florence Nightingale, born May 12, 1820

Florence Nightingale Museum
http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk/cms/

“A collection of artefacts and other material connected with Florence Nightingale has been preserved from the early years of the twentieth century at St Thomas’ Hospital and the Nightingale Training School. Since the formation of The Florence Nightingale Museum Trust in 1984, the collection has been transferred from the hospital and school to the care of the charity specially established for the preservation and wider display of the collection.”

A Selection of Letters Written by Florence Nightingale
http://clendening.kumc.edu/dc/fn/

About 40 letters held by the Clendening History of Medicine Library are shown in digital format. Scanned images of often-illegible original documents are displayed in tandem with the transcribed text. From the University of Kansas.

May 14, 1948 – the Founding of Israel

The State of Israel is Established
http://www.gov.il/FirstGov/TopNavEng/EngSubjects/EngSIndependence/EngSIEstablished/

“Information about the establishment of the State of Israel — the War of Independence, the Declaration of Independence, the law proclaiming Israel’s Independence Day, an historical overview of events, recommended readings and prayers, and ideas for educational activities.” Also includes a time-line of events from Israel’s founding in 1948 through 1998. From the website for the Israeli government.

May 15 – Armed Forces Day

Armed Forces Day
http://www.defenselink.mil/afd/

In 1949 Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson “announced the creation of an Armed Forces Day [the third Saturday in May] to replace separate Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force Days.” The site features a history of this “holiday for citizens to come together and thank our military members for their patriotic service in support of our country,” and photos and posters for each decade. From the U.S. Department of Defense.

Brown v. Board of Education (1948)

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site
http://www.nps.gov/brvb/

This National Historic Site, which consists of “Monroe Elementary School, one of the four segregated elementary schools for African American children in Topeka,” Kansas, commemorates “the landmark [1954] Supreme Court decision aimed at ending segregation in public schools.” The Web site provides information about visiting the school, material about the main lawsuit and related cases, and a bibliography.

May 21, 1803 – Lewis & Clark Expedition Begins

In the footsteps of Lewis & Clark
http://www.sierraclub.org/lewisandclark/

This site covers a wide variety of aspects of the Lewis and Clark, including the landscape and natural history that Lewis and Clark encountered, with their journal entries with facsimile pages, and day-by-day entries from a nature journal and an almanac. Provides a comparison of animal species encountered on the trail then and now, a video, artwork, and links to other Lewis and Clark and Native American sites. From the Sierra Club.

Lewis and Clark: Mapping the West
http://www.edgate.com/lewisandclark/

A cooperative project of several organizations, this site provides access to Lewis and Clark maps, with related activities and lesson plans.

May 24 – Independence Day (Eritrea)

The State of Eritrea won independence in 1993.  To learn more about Eritrea, visit these sites.

Country Profile: Eritrea
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1070813.stm

This news site provides an overview of Eritrea, including a brief history, profile of leaders, timeline of key events, and description of local media. It features news stories, background information on political issues, and links to related sites.

Eritrea Page
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Country_Specific/Eritrea.html

A collection of annotated links to online resources about Eritrea, covering subject areas such as history, travel, language, geography, plants, news, and more. From the African Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania.

May 25- Independence Day (Jordan)

Jordan gained its independence on May 25, 1946.  To learn more about Jordan’s history, visit these sites.

Country Profile: Jordan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/country_profiles/828763.stm

A profile of Jordan, including demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events back to 1948, and information about Jordanian leaders and media. Site also includes links to related news stories, historical audio and video clips, and audio.

Jordan: A Country Study
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/jotoc.html

This site contains a historical overview, and information on the geography, economy, government, transportation and telecommunications, foreign relations, national security, languages, religions, and people and society of Jordan.

May 26 – Independence Day (Georgia & Guyana)

Country Profile: Guyana
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profiles/1211325.stm

This is a profile of “the only English-speaking country in South America,” including demographic facts, historical overview, time-line of key events, and information about leaders and media.

Guyana: A Country Study
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/gytoc.html

This website provides information on the history, geography, economy, government, transportation and telecommunications, foreign relations, national security, languages, religions, and people and society of Guyana.

Country Profile: Georgia
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1102477.stm

This is a profile of Georgia from a journalistic perspective. It includes news and news analysis, multimedia features, demographic and economic facts, historical overview and timeline, related links, and information about leaders and media.

Georgia: A Country Study
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/getoc.html

This website provides information on the history, geography, economy, government, transportation and telecommunications, foreign relations, national security, languages, religions, and people and society of Georgia.

May 27, 1927 – Golden Gate Bridge Opened

The Golden Gate Bridge - San Francisco, CA
The Golden Gate Bridge – San Francisco, CA
Source: http://tinyurl.com/326gq47

Golden Gate Construction
http://www.sfmuseum.org/assoc/bridge00.html

Collection of images, essays, and other material about the construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (opened in late 1936) and the Golden Gate Bridge (opened in 1937). This site features photos of construction (including aerial views), background about the bridge designers, original toll rate listings, and a presentation on the construction. From the Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco.

How Bridges Work
http://science.howstuffworks.com/bridge.htm

This site describes the engineering of bridges in general and looks at the beam, arch, and suspension bridge, illustrating different types of bridges, factors such as “how each bridge type deals with two important forces, compression and tension,” and related details. Includes links to other engineering articles. From HowStuffWorks.

John F. Kennedy, born May 29, 1917

Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President
http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/33jfk/33jfk.htm

This lesson plan about John F. Kennedy “can be used as a biographical study, an introduction to the Kennedy presidency and the turbulent sixties, or as part of a unit on post-World War II American history.” The website provides readings, images, activities, and a map of the area around the John F. Kennedy National Historic Site in Brookline, Massachusetts. Part of the “Teaching with Historic Places” Lesson Plans program of the National Park Service (NPS).

Walt Whitman, born May 31, 1819

The Walt Whitman Archive
http://www.whitmanarchive.org/

A project to digitize all the editions of “Leaves of Grass” as well as Whitman’s other poetry and prose. The site includes not only texts, but also facsimiles of his works, an audio recording “thought to be Whitman’s voice reading four lines from the poem ‘America’,” photographs, biographical information, contemporary and current reviews of his works, and more.  “Affiliated with the University of Virginia’s Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities.”

One Life: Walt Whitman, a Kosmos
http://www.npg.si.edu/exhibit/whitman/

This exhibit about the poet Walt Whitman features a timeline of Whitman’s life illustrated primarily with portraits of the poet. It also includes an introduction to the poet, an essay, and audio excerpts from Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass,” and profiles of some of “Whitman’s heirs” (such as jazz musician Charlie Parker and painter Jackson Pollock). From the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery.

Poet at Work: Walt Whitman Notebooks 1850s-1860s
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/whitman/

“This collection offers access to the four Walt Whitman Notebooks and a cardboard butterfly that disappeared from the Library of Congress in 1942. They were returned on February 24, 1995.” It includes related essays about the location of the missing notebooks and the preservation of the notebooks, and a gallery showing the conservation process. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.

Memorial Day

Armed Forces Memorial
Armed Forces Memorial
Source: http://tinyurl.com/35m5rjf

History of Memorial Day – History.com
http://www.history.com/topics/memorial-day-history

Uncover the interesting history of the holiday we now call Memorial Day. Discover little-known facts about America’s wars and stop by the Veterans’ Forum message boards to share your views with veterans, their loved ones, and fellow history buffs.

Below we list the full URLs for each of the TinyURL’s (http://tinyurl.com/) used in this document.

TinyURL: http://tinyurl.com/326gq47
Full URL: http://www.freefoto.com/preview/1215-01-18?ffid=1215-01-18&k=The+Golden+Gate+Bridge%2C+San+Francisco%2C+California

TinyURL: http://tinyurl.com/35m5rjf
Full URL: http://www.freefoto.com/preview/102-16-5648?ffid=102-16-5648&k=Armed+Forces+Memorial%2C+National+Memorial+Arboretum

The May2010 issue of The Link: The Official Newsletter of ipl2 was created by Robert Chrystal, Natalie McGrath, Bryan Sherwood, Valerie Singler, and Denise Stewart – students in Dr. Abels’ spring 2010 INFO 740 Digital Reference Service course at Drexel University. Michael Galloway serves as advisor for the newsletter team.

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