The Link: June 2010

Welcome to the Link. Each month the ipl2 brings you some of the best information sites on the Internet. If you have an Internet connection, you can connect with us!

The June edition of the Link features numerous independence days and national celebration days of countries throughout the world, and similarly important yearly observances.

Enjoy the informative websites provided and journey around the world via these momentous occasions this month!

Suggest a site for the ipl2. Know of a great site, but you cannot find it in the ipl2? Use the form located at http://www.ipl.org/div/contact/ to let us know about good resources to add to our collections.

June 1st

Independence Day for Samoa

Country Profile: Samoa

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1300802.stm

Profile of this “former German protectorate … [that] was governed by New Zealand until its citizens voted for independence in 1961.” Includes demographic facts, historical overview, time-line of key events, and information about Samoan leaders and media. Site also includes links to audio of the national anthem. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samoa_Country_map.png

June 2nd

Indian Citizenship Act (1924)

Native American Citizenship

http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0700/stories/0701_0140.html

This series of illustrated essays discusses the history of American Indian citizenship and U.S. policy concerning Native Americans. Subjects include the reservation system, American Indian schools, citizenship for native veterans, the 1924 Indian Citizenship Act, and related topics. From Nebraskastudies.org, a project of the Nebraska Department of Education and the Nebraska State Historical Society

Marquis de Sade Birthday (1740)

Masters of Darkness

http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/M/masters_darkness/

Companion to a British television program that considers the question, “Who were the most notorious individuals ever to walk the earth?” It presents “the barely believable stories of four men whose sexual escapades, obsession with magic and radical ideas earned them the fear of their contemporaries and a place in modern culture”: Dr. John Dee, Rasputin, Marquis de Sade, and Aleister Crowley. Also includes a glossary. From Channel 4.

Anniversary of the Republic (Italy)

Country Profile: Italy

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1065345.stm

Profile of Italy, including demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events back to 1915, and information about Italian leaders and media. Site also includes links to related news stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Italy.svg

June 4th

Massacre in Tiananmen Square (1989)

The Declassified History

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/

Documents providing a U.S. perspective of the events surrounding the Chinese government’s use of heavily armed military forces against student demonstrators at Tiananmen Square in 1989. “Includes Selected Documents from the Microfiche Collection: China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement, 1960-1998.” From George Washington University’s
National Security Archive.

The Tank Man

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tankman/

This PBS Frontline program looks back at the events surrounding “June 5, 1989, one day after the Chinese army’s deadly crushing of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing, [where] a single, unarmed young man stood his ground before a column of tanks on the Avenue of Eternal Peace.” Provides a timeline, eyewitness accounts, expert opinions, analysis, and interviews. Includes video and transcript of the full program, teacher’s guide, and related readings and links.

The Gate of Heavenly Peace

http://www.tsquare.tv/

Companion site to a documentary that explores the 1989 political protest at Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. Explores themes such as democracy, human rights, and nationalism. Also includes an interactive tour of Tiananmen Square, a chronology of events leading up to the protests, a bibliography, a poster gallery, related links, and a transcript of the documentary. Also available in Chinese.

June 5th

National Trails Day

American Hiking Society

http://www.americanhiking.org/NTD.aspx

NTD, held the first Saturday of every June, is “America’s largest celebration of trails and the outdoors.” The site features a FAQ, tips for planning an event, and listings of events in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. Also includes details about participating in the NTD photo contest. From the American Hiking Society.

World Environment Day

WED 2010

http://www.unep.org/wed/2010/english/

“World Environment Day [WED], commemorated each year on 5 June, is one of the principal vehicles through which the United Nations stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment.” The site provides information about celebrating the day throughout the world (including at the host city, which is San Francisco in 2005), a list of WED themes back to 1974, and an image gallery. Available in several languages. From the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Constitution Day (Denmark)

Country Profile: Denmark

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/1032760.stm

Profile of this Nordic country, including demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events, and brief listings of leaders and media outlets. Site also includes links to related news stories, and audio of the national anthem. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dannebrog.jpg

June 6th

National Day (Sweden)

http://www.sweden.se/eng/Home/Lifestyle/Traditions/Celebrating-the-Swedish-way/National-Day/

“Since 1983, Sweden has celebrated its National Day on 6 June. This is the date on which Gustav Vasa was crowned king in 1523 and on which a new constitution was adopted in 1809.” (From the website)

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_Sweden.svg

June 11th

King Kamehameha Day

North Kohala Kamehameha Day Celebration

http://www.kamehamehadaycelebration.org/

“The Web site for this annual North Kohala, Hawaii, event features information about Kamehameha Day (June 11), which celebrates the birth of Kamehameha I (Kamehameha the Great). Provides brief information about the Hawaiian leader and about the statue of Kamehameha I located above the Akoni Pule Highway in Kapa`au, and about the parade and music festival. Includes photos and related links.”

June 12th

Independence Day (Philippines & Russia)

Country Profile: Philippines

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1262783.stm

This news site provides an overview of the Philippines, a country “mountainous and prone to earthquakes and eruptions from around 20 active volcanoes. It is often buffeted by typhoons and other storms.” Includes a brief history, profile of leaders, timeline of key events, and description of local media. Features news stories, background on political issues, and links to related websites. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Philippines

Country Profile: Russia

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/1102275.stm

Profile of Russia, including demographic facts, historical overview, timelines of key events for Russia and for the Soviet Union (1917-1991), and information about leaders and media. Site also includes links to related news stories, and audio of the national anthem and selected news stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag-map_of_Russia.svg

June 14th

Flag Day (US)

Source:  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Flag_on_9-11%2B5_years.jpg

Today in History: Flag Day

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun14.html

A brief history of Flag Day, which honors “June 14, 1777, [when] the Continental Congress approved the design of a national flag.” Also provides discussion of the Supreme Court decisions related to compelling students to salute the flag (reversed in 1943) and a variety of entertaining facts and links, including an audio recording of the “True to the Flag March.” From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.

Our Flag

http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/misc/ourflag/titlepage.htm

This Congressional publication briefly describes the history of the [United States] flag, and sets forth the practices and observances appropriate to its display.” Includes background on holidays such as Flag Day, information about obtaining burial flags for veterans as well as flags that have flown over the capitol, plus instructions for flying, folding, and caring for flags. From the U.S. Federal Citizen Information Center.

U. S. Army Birthday

Source:  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Army_flag.gif

The United States Army

http://www.army.mil/

This official Web site of the U.S. Army has thousands of searchable and browsable links to all components of Army service and information, including current news, leadership, headquarters, installations, education and careers (including the National Guard and Reserve), and numerous guides and references.

June 17th

National Day (Iceland)

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iceland-orb.png

Daily News from Iceland

http://icelandreview.com/

Online version of English-language quarterly magazine featuring daily news updates.

June 20th

Father’s Day

Henri Edouard Dubied with son Paul Edouard Dubied

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dubied,_Henri_Edouard.jpg

Honor Your Father … At Least Once a Year

http://www.loc.gov/wiseguide/jun03/father.html

Describes the origins of Father’s Day in America, from Spokane, Washington state, resident Sonora Dodd’s idea, to the first celebration of the day in 1910 and the holiday’s official recognition in “1966, when President Lyndon Johnson declared that the third Sunday in June would be Father’s Day.” Includes illustrations and related links. From the Library of Congress.

Kaboose: Father’s Day

http://holidays.kaboose.com/fathers-day/

Children’s activities and resources for the celebration of Father’s Day, including games, clip art, stories, history of the holiday, printable activities (such as mazes, crossword puzzles, and coloring pages), and craft projects (for example, business card holders and picture frames).

June 23rd

National Day (Luxembourg)

Country Profile: Luxembourg

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1061821.stm

Profile of “the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg … a small country, landlocked by Belgium, France and Germany.” Includes demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events back to 1914, and brief listings of leaders and media outlets. Site also includes audio of the national anthem. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

CIA: The World Factbook – Luxembourg

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lu.html

Includes information on every country in the world. Provides facts about geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, and more. There is also a map and flags of the world collection:

June 25th

Independence Day (Croatia & Mozambique)

Country Profile: Croatia

http://www.nationmaster.com/country/hr-croatia

Compare nations of the world. Provides date from “the CIA World Factbook, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO, UNICEF and OECD. Generate maps, graphs, and statistics.

“Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.”

Country Profile: Mozambique

http://www.nationmaster.com/country/mz-mozambique

Compare nations of the world. Provides date from “the CIA World Factbook, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO, UNICEF and OECD. Generate maps, graphs, and statistics.

“Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975.”

June 26th

Independence Day (Madagascar)

Country Profile: Madagascar

http://www.nationmaster.com/country/ma-madagascar

Compare nations of the world. Provides date from “the CIA World Factbook, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO, UNICEF and OECD. Generate maps, graphs, and statistics.

“Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960.”

June 27th

Independence Day (Djibouti)

Country Profile: Djibouti

http://www.nationmaster.com/country/dj-djibouti

Compare nations of the world. Provides date from “the CIA World Factbook, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO, UNICEF and OECD. Generate maps, graphs, and statistics.

“The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977.”

June 30th

Independence Day (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Country Profile: Democratic Republic of Congo

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1076399.stm

Profile of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), including demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events, and information about DR Congo leaders and media. Site also includes links to related news stories and audio of some stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

“The history of DR Congo has been one of civil war and corruption. After independence in 1960, the country immediately faced an army mutiny and an attempt at secession by its
mineral-rich province of Katanga”

Central Africa by Country and Region

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/africa/cuvl/Congo.html

Provides annotated Web links to information about the Republic of the Congo in the areas of culture, politics, human rights, news, economic development, education, and the environment. Some of the links are to French-language sites; these are clearly indicated by their abstracts. From Columbia University Libraries.

The June 2010 issue of The Link: The Official Newsletter of ipl2 was created by Robert Chrystal, Natalie McGrath, Bryan Sherwood, Valerie Singler, and Denise Stewart – students in Dr. Abels’ spring 2010 INFO 740 Digital Reference Service course at Drexel University. Michael Galloway serves as advisor for the newsletter team.
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