In the News: The death of Muammar Gadhafi

On October 20, 2011, the Libyan government announced the death of Muammar Gadhafi, Libya’s former head of state and forth longest-serving non-royal leader. For years, the Gadhafi regime had mercilessly ruled Libya after abolishing the Libyan Constitution shortly after seizing power in 1969. In early 2011, the Gadhafi regime was overthrown during a civil war and arrest warrants were drawn up for Gadhafi stating crimes against humanity. As the city of Sirte fell to the rebel forces, Gadhafi was captured and shortly thereafter died from his wounds. Learn about other dictators, their regimes, their policies, and in some cases, their eventual downfalls.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collection.

NEW! Fascism

http://departments.kings.edu/history/20c/fascism.html

King’s College History Department’s detailed history on fascism, including the rise of fascism in Italy, Spain, Germany, and France. Also provided is information on dictators Benito Mussolini, Francisco Franco, Adolf Hitler, Emperor Hirohito, and Emperor Haile Selassie.

NEW! The Observer: How dictators fall

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/02/protests-how-dictators-fall

The Observer’s February 26, 2011 article on the civil war in Libya and the dynamics involved in the downfall of a dictator.

NEW! Obama on death of Moammar Gadhafi: “momentous day” for Libya. Transcript

http://blogs.suntimes.com/sweet/2011/10/obama_on_death_of_moammar_gadh.html

Transcript of the October 20, 2011 speech by United States President Barak Obama after the announcement by the Libyan Government of the death of Muammar Gadhafi.

NEW! Soviet Dictatorship

http://chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson11/lesson11.php?s=0

A detailed introduction to the period of Joseph Stalin’s rule over the Soviet Union, including the emergence of the Stalinist System, control of the Communist Party, dictatorship of Stalin, enhanced police controls, forced modernization, and increased military power.

NEW! Establishing a Dictatorship: The Stabilization of Nazi Power

http://www.colby.edu/personal/r/rmscheck/GermanyE1.html

Professor Raffael Scheck’s virtual textbook on Germany and Europe, 1871-1945. This chapter focuses on the Third Reich and the established dictatorship of Adolf Hitler.

NEW! The Great Depression in Global Perspective

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=462

Digital History’s article on the Great Depression, a global phenomenon which affected not only America, but Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and South America.  Responses to The Great Depression, found throughout Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Japan, included fascism, militarism, and totalitarian communism.

NEW! Egypt’s civil uprising against a dictatorship and ‘Castro’s Cuba’

http://cubanology.com/cubareport/2011/01/31/egypts-civil-uprising-against-a-dictatorship-and-castros-cuba/

Article on Egypt’s uprising against President Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule and its effect on other dictatorships, including Fidel Castro’s Cuba.

NEW! Saddam Hussein, Defiant Dictator Who Ruled Iraq With Violence and Fear, Dies

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/30/world/middleeast/30saddam.html?pagewanted=all

The New York Times article from December 30, 2006 on the death of Saddam Hussein, after more than 30 years of tyrannical oppression. The article details Saddam Hussein’s hold on Iraq and questions how he remained in power despite intervention by the United States military.

NEW! Social Policy in Chávez’s Venezuela: A Radical Alternative or More of the Same?

http://www.drclas.harvard.edu/revista/articles/view/1101

This 2008 article from the Harvard Review of Latin America dissects the notion of social policy in Venezuela during three main periods; before Hugo Chavez’s rise to power, his early years in office, and his post 2002 rule.

Thanks for supporting ipl2. We hope you find these resources about dictatorship informative.

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2′s News and Information WordPress blog. Subscription is free and open to all!

In the News: Occupy Protests

Starting in New York City on September 17, 2011 as “Occupy Wall Street” this movement spread throughout the world on October 15, 2011. Inspired by the Arab Spring movement, Occupy protests are denouncing economic inequality and corporate influence in political affairs. Learn about its ongoing global spread.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collection.

NEW!  Occupy Wall Street

http://occupywallst.org/

OccupyWallSt.org is a planning group formed as an information sharing resource for the ongoing protests happening on Wall Street. It is a group committed to doing technical support work for resistance movements.

NEW!  Occupy Protests Spread Around the World

http://www.cnn.com/2011/10/15/world/occupy-goes-global/

CNN describes the Occupy protests on October 15, 2011, the global call for A Day of Action, as a backlash against the economy and corporate, financial, and political elite.

NEW!  Social Media gives Wall Street Protests a Global Reach

http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/15/social-media-gives-wall-street-protests-a-global-reach/

This resource describes the role of social media in Occupy protests’ global spread.

NEW!  Take the Square

http://takethesquare.net/

On May 15, 2011 Spain started a similar movement denouncing political and economical instability by creating camps in the streets and squares of their cities. Take the Square provides information about its own protests in Spain that turned into a call for global change, as well as its support for the October 15, 2011 events in Occupy protests.

Thanks for supporting ipl2. We hope you find these resources about the Occupy protests informative.

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2′s News and Information WordPress blog. Subscription is free and open to all!

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In the News: Nobel Peace Prize

The 2011 winners of the Nobel Peace Prize have now been announced! Learn about the three new Nobel Laureates, and the ongoing efforts of past Laureates and others around the world dedicated to the cause of peace.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collection.

NEW! Nobel Peace Prize 2011

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/

This year’s prize has been split between three women “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, current president of Liberia; Leymah Gbowee, organizer of Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace and Women in Peacebuilding Network, which helped end the Liberian civil war; and Tawakkul Karman, Yemeni journalist, human rights activist, and co-founder of Women Journalists Without Chains.

NEW! Nobel Women’s Initiative

http://nobelwomensinitiative.org/

In 2006, six female Nobel Peace Laureates founded this organization to support struggles for peace and women’s rights around the world.

NEW! PeaceJam

http://www.peacejam.org

Twelve Laureates inspire youth to become leaders working for peace, human rights, and health and sustenance for all. To date, over 600,000 young people have created nearly one million projects to help their communities with PeaceJam’s help.

NEW! The Desmond Tutu Peace Foundation

http://www.tutufoundationusa.org/

Desmond Tutu (Nobel Peace Laureate 1984) reaches out to young people with his own foundation as well as with PeaceJam, educating and engaging them in peace efforts and publicizing notable, effective projects.

NEW! Rigoberta Menchú Tum Foundation

http://www.frmt.org/en/

Rigoberta Menchú created this foundation after winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 to defend human rights, strengthen impoverished rural communities, and promote education, with a special focus on the needs of indigenous peoples.

M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence (find it on ipl2: http://ipl.org/IPL/Finding?Key=gandhi&collection=gen)

http://gandhiinstitute.org/

Although he never won the Nobel Peace Prize (despite being nominated five times), Mahatma Gandhi is one of the century’s best-known advocates of non-violence. This foundation, started by Gandhi’s grandson, works to educate people about non-violent conflict resolution, restorative justice, and sustainable living.

NEW! CeaseFire

http://ceasefirechicago.org/

Not all organizations promoting peace have won or been nominated for a Nobel – at least, not yet! CeaseFire, founded in Chicago and since expanded to other cities, works to stop gun violence.

Thanks for supporting ipl2. We hope you find these resources about Nobel Peace Prize Laureates informative.

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2′s News and Information WordPress blog. Subscription is free and open to all!

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The Link: Food for Thought

Food plays an important role in peoples’ everyday lives. Many people throughout the world worry about when and where their next meal will come from while other people are overwhelmed by choices and worry about the nutritional content of what they are eating.  Others are hard at work creating a path for genetically engineered foods to help solve these dilemmas despite the possible implications of these genetically engineered foods. The one thing that people can agree on, no matter which continent they live on or what food concerns they have, is that the ability to provide food for personal consumption and profit is something to celebrate and be thankful for.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collection.

Food Shortages
Hunger affects individuals in both developing and wealthy nations.  Nature, war, a poverty trap, and agricultural infrastructure are the causes of hunger listed by the U.N. World Food Programme.  Below are resources that address solving the problem of hunger, ranging from local programs to international policy initiatives.

Feeding America (find it on ipl2: IPL — Social Sciences — Social Issues and Social Welfare)
http://feedingamerica.org/
Feeding America is the leading hunger-relief charity in the country, supporting a network of food and hunger related agencies across local communities. This resource provides links and information for becoming involved in the fight against domestic hunger.

United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) (find it on ipl2: IPL Special — War
and Peace: Resources on Iraq — The United Nations
)
http://www.wfp.org/
This resource provides information from the UN organization that distributes food aid throughout the world. The Food Programme includes information about the organization and its donors (government, business, and individual), a world hunger map, updates about areas needing food aid (such as the 2005 famine in Niger and other countries in western Africa), news, photographs and videos, publications, and more.  Some of the materials offered are available in several languages.

NEW! International Food Policy Research (IFPRI)
http://www.ifpri.org/
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) focuses on food policies throughout the world in order to create “sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty. IFPRI is one of 15 centers supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), an alliance of 64 governments, private foundations, and international and regional organizations.” The site includes various publications such as reports by country and data sets, and resources from the IFPRI Library and Knowledge Management Unit.

Genetically Modified Food
Genetically Modified (GM) food refers to foods in which DNA has been genetically engineered in a laboratory to achieve results that do not occur naturally. Until recently, GM foods have typically been plant products. Many of the foods consumed in the U.S. and throughout the world have been genetically modified, at least in part. Critics of GM foods argue that GM foods are harmful to the environment and to human health. Others argue in favor of GM foods because of their potential to combat world hunger and reduce pesticide use.

Agricultural Biotechnologies (find it on ipl2: IPL — Science and Technology — Agriculture and Aquaculture)
http://www.fao.org/biotech/en/
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations maintains this resource about biotechnology in food and agriculture. Features of the resource include an up-to-date news feed; overviews of biotechnology in various fields; a repository of articles, research studies, and conference proceedings; a glossary; and links to UN Countries’ policies on biotechnology.

NEW! 20 Questions on genetically modified food
http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/20questions/en/
The World Health Organization answers the top twenty questions about genetically modified (GM) foods. This resource provides information about what GM foods are, why they are produced, how they are regulated, and potential effects on humans and the environment. This resource offers an excellent introduction to GM foods, as well as links to more in-depth related resources.

FDA faces opposition over genetically engineered salmon (find it on ipl2: Newspapers — North America — United States — California — Los Angeles)
http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/31/nation/la-na-congress-salmon-20110731
This July 31, 2011, article from the Los Angeles Times is a current example of the genetically modified food debate. Eight senators are urging the FDA not to approve genetically engineered salmon for human consumption; the senators are threatening to pull funding if the FDA does not comply. The article discusses both sides of the debate.

Providing Students with Nutritious Meals
A positive image of healthy foods and smart food choices is important to promote early in life.  Children who learn to enjoy healthy foods at a young age are more likely to choose the healthy option when given a choice. These resources below help promote healthy meals in schools in honor of National School Lunch Week observed October 10 through October 14, 2011.

National School Lunch Program (find it on ipl2)
http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/lunch/
The National School Lunch Program is “a federally assisted meal program operating in public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunches to children each school day.” This resource includes a fact sheet, program history, material about eligibility and school food safety, reports, news, and related material provided by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service.

NEW! School Nutrition Association
http://www.schoolnutrition.org/default.aspx
The School Nutrition Association (SNA) is a nonprofit organization that is dedicated to ensuring that all children have access to healthy, low-cost school meals.  Find information on how your school can become SNA-certified and read publications by the School Nutrition Association.

NEW! Farm to School
http://www.farmtoschool.org/
Farm to School helps schools and local farms work together to provide healthy foods to be served in school cafeterias while also supporting the local farms.  Local contacts are provided for each state.  Webinars and other resources are available for users looking for additional information on the program.

Harvest Traditions
Harvest time is one of the busiest times of the year for farmers. Crops must be gathered and stored safely before weather can ruin them. People have traditionally come together – out of a feeling of community or because they were being paid – to help bring in the crops. And in many cases, the harvest was followed by a celebration. In America, harvest time is celebrated every year as the holiday, Thanksgiving.

Diplomacy in New England: The first Thanksgiving? (find it on ipl2)
http://americanindian.si.edu/education/files/harvest.pdf
This resource offers information about the first harvest festival celebrated by the Pilgrims of the Mayflower and the local American Indian tribes who helped save them. The site also offers background about those tribes and their ultimate fate.

NEW! Online Exhibits – Harvest Tales, Home
http://www.kshs.org/p/online-exhibits-harvest-tales-home/10731
This resource has links to harvest tales from almost every county in Kansas. People remember everything from encountering rattlesnakes among the wheat to the anxiety of wondering if a harvest would be financially successful enough to carry the farm through the winter. There are also links to photographs.

NEW! Irish Culture and Customs
http://www.irishcultureandcustoms.com/ACustom/AfterHarvest.html
Ireland’s fascinating harvest is described in this resource. Ireland’s harvest customs are a good example of the types of traditions that were common when harvesting was done by hand and entire communities took part in harvest time and the celebration that followed.

Thanks for your continued support of ipl2. We hope these resources help you better understand the importance of food in everyday life.

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS.  The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog.  Subscription is free and open to all!

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