Web Content and Copyright Laws

The Web is NOT Public Domain

Greetings from the ipl2’s weekly blog where we try to keep you informed of interesting current events in the news.  Undoubtedly, you have heard about the controversy raging through the Internet regarding the erroneous and somewhat arrogant response received by a blogger in response to the “lifted” article off her blog. Rather than go off on a tangent about the story, you can read it by clicking the below link.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collections.

NEW! NPR:  The Day the Internet Throw a Hissyfit About Copyright And Pie

http://www.npr.org/blogs/monkeysee/2010/11/05/131091599/the-day-the-internet-threw-a-righteous-hissyfit-about-copyright-and-pie

The most important take away from this situation is not the arrogance of the editor’s response, but the ignorance of the laws governing the content that is available online.  Below are some links to copyright information that may be helpful in learning about copyright law.  The ipl2 provides these links to our readers as an informational service that should not be taken as legal advice.  When in doubt, consult an attorney who would be able to advise on copyright law.

Cornell University’s Copyright Information Center

http://copyright.cornell.edu/

From the website:  “This site offers information on copyright policy, copyright clearance services, and copyright training and tutorials.”  It has a list of Frequently Asked Questions that covers such issues as “How do I find out if a work is in the public domain?” and “We’re an educational institution, so aren’t all uses fair use?”

Stanford University’s Copyright & Fair Use

http://fairuse.stanford.edu/

Includes information on the public domain, fair use, website permissions, academic and educational permissions, releases, and copyright research.

Creative Commons

http://creativecommons.org/choose/

This site explains how to keep your copyright while allowing people to distribute it with attribution.

NEW! Makeuseof.com’s article “Plagiarism Checkers:  5 Free Websites to Catch the Copycats”

http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/article-checkers-5-free-websites-to-catch-the-copycats/

Five sites that offer ways to monitor who is using your content and how.

Thank you for checking in.  The teams at the ipl2 hope you find this information helpful in better understanding our global community’s challenges and triumphs.

The Link – November 2010 – A Change of Seasons

A new school year has started and for all of us a change of seasons.  No matter where you are in the world, weather changes are in the air.  Below are several great resources to celebrate the changes in seasons: why we have them, how you can prepare your living space for the coming weather changes, further reading about season changes and more!  New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collections.  Enjoy!

Why we have changing seasons

The United States National Arboretum, The Science of Color in Autumn Leaves
http://www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/FallFoliage/ScienceFallColor.html
The United States National Arboretum provides information on the how’s and why’s behind autumn, such as why some trees change color and others do not, and how a specific region of the world can affect color displays during autumn. After educating yourself on the why’s of fall, treat yourself to the Arboretum’s gallery of fall leaves. The best part of Autumn is the natural fireworks display that nature creates in the trees. Here you can enjoy one from the comfort of your home!

Eric Weisstein’s World of Astronomy, Seasons
http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/astronomy/topics/Seasons.html
Clear, detailed technical discussions of seasons, solstices, and equinoxes. Includes the exact dates when spring, summer, fall, and winter arrive. Debunks misconceptions about seasons and the superstition “that it is possible to stand an egg upright on its end [only] on the date of the equinoxes (and/or solstices).” Maintained by scientist Eric Weisstein.

University of Illinois Extension, The Miracle of Fall
http://urbanext.illinois.edu/fallcolor/
A directory of links to information about fall foliage and related topics. Includes links to sites about fall color, trees, fall foliage updates and reports, driving and hiking suggestions, photos, lesson plans, activities, autumn gardening and composting, and more. From the University of Illinois Extension.

How to prepare your home for changing seasons

NEW! Energy Saving Trust, UK
http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/
“Energy Saving Trust is a non-profit organization that provides free and impartial advice on how to stop wasting energy.”  This site provides information on climate change, ways to stop wasting energy and reduce water usage and household waste, and home improvements that can lead to lower energy costs.  It also discusses how to generate your own energy.

Energy Savers, US Department of Energy
http://www.energysavers.gov/
This site “provides homeowners with tips for saving energy and money at home and on the road.” Features information about conducting a home energy audit, a major appliances shopping guide, and tips on insulation, heating and cooling, windows, and water heating. From the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Poetry, fiction, and reading lists that focus on seasons

NEW! Poetry Magazine from the Poetry Foundation: Fall Poems
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/tool.poem.cat.4.1.html?id=37
The Poetry Foundation provides a large selection of themed poetry for any occasion or time of year through its Poetry Tool. This collection provides 130 poems all about Fall. Some influential poets whose work is included in this collection are: Robert Frost, John Keats, and William Shakespeare.

NEW! Poetry Magazine from the Poetry Foundation: Spring Poems
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/tool.poem.cat.4.1.html?id=35
Another collection of poems from the Poetry Foundation’s Poetry Tool. Treat yourself to some warm, spring theme poems from influential writers such as: E. E. Cummings, Robert Browning, and Robert Fitzgerald.

NEW! Just for Kids:  40 Books about the Seasons (Ages 6-12)
http://www.education.wisc.edu/ccbc/books/detailListBooks.asp?idBookLists=84
The Cooperative Children’s Book Center’s 40 Books about the Seasons provides reading lists for children from 6 to 12 years old. The titles highlight different themes or events that accompany the different seasons. Each season is included so parents and children can find theme books for every time of year!

Congolese Women March to End Rape

Welcome to ipl2’s weekly blog.  This week our highlighted resources focus on current events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).  According to the CNN article listed below, “the United Nations has named the Democratic Republic of Congo the ‘rape capital of the world,’ with 15,000 women raped in eastern Congo last year.”  On 18 October, rape victims in the DRC took to the streets to protest the use of rape as a war tactic, to combat the social stigma attached to rape victims, and to tell the world what has been happening to them.

For information about the march on 18 October 2010, visit:

NEW! CNN: “Congolese rape victims march against sexual violence”
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/africa/10/17/congo.rapes.march/index.html
This CNN article describes via video and text the rape victims march in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on 18 October 2010.

For information about the ongoing situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), visit:

NEW! Kinshasa Times
http://kinshasaglobe.com/
Kinshasa Times is part of the World News Network and provides headlines from news sources around the world on what’s happening in the Congo.

World News: Congo
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/congo
News stories and background information on Congo, covering the civil war and rebel movement, the March 2004 coup attempt against the president, international peacekeeping efforts, AIDS/HIV, violence against women, and related topics. Includes video clips, analysis, and related links. From the Guardian Unlimited, the online companion to the British newspaper The Guardian.

Country Profile: Democratic Republic of Congo
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/country_profiles/1076399.stm
Profile of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), including demographic facts, historical overview, timeline of key events, and information about DR Congo leaders and media. Site also includes links to related news stories and audio of some stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

For information about organizations that are actively opposing violence against women in Africa, visit:

NEW! Pambazuka News: “Solidarity: Opposing violence against women: International Women’s Action for Peace and Human Security”
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/67405
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the main aims of the Million Women Rise (MWR) delegation of British women who attended the Third International Action of the World March of Women in Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo.delegation, including why DR Congo was chosen and why women are being attacked in the DRC. Further, information on what readers can do to help is listed, as well as links to other activist organizations’ websites.

Thank you for checking in.  The teams at the ipl2 hope you find this information helpful in better understanding our global community’s challenges and triumphs.

2010 U.S. Election and Voting Resources

It’s that time again! Fall is here and that means Election Day (November 2nd) is around the corner. While candidates are busy giving speeches, filming commercials, and making appearances, the American public is also busy deciding whom to vote for. The ipl2 has created a special collection of election and voting resources to assist voters in this important democratic mission.

Special Collections – Election and Voting Resources
http://www.ipl.org/div/election/

Included in this collection are the following three websites.

One way to get up to date information on elections across the nation is through Project Vote Smart. Their interactive project, VoteEasy, provides a unique view of the issues and snapshots of the candidates in your area.

Project Vote Smart
http://www.votesmart.org/
Information for voters on political leaders, their positions on issues, and campaign finance, and encourages active participation in democratic processes through voting.

If you are having trouble deciphering political television ads and campaign statements, FactCheck.org can help you sort the fact from the fiction.

FactCheck.org
http://factcheck.org
Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania puts out this website to monitor the factual accuracy of statements made by and advertisements on behalf of major U.S. polictical figures.

To get an overall look at U.S. public policy, as well as international politics, the Brookings Institution presents extensive research and commentary from world-renowned experts in academia and government.

Elections – Brookings Institution
http://www.brookings.edu/topics/elections.aspx
“The Brookings Institution is the nation’s oldest think tank. A private, independent, nonprofit research organization, Brookings seeks to improve the performance of American institutions, the effectiveness of government programs, and the quality of U.S. public policies. It addresses current and emerging policy challenges and offers practical recommendations for dealing with them, expressed in language that is accessible to policy makers and the general public alike.” This site has information about current affairs that are being researched. It has information about current research programs in Economics, Foreign Policy and Governmental. This also has selected articles from The Brookings Review and information about fellowships and Internships.

Making an informed decision can be difficult when there is so much information out there.  By selecting websites that are authoritative, accurate, and diverse, the ipl2 hopes to make it easier for voters this election season.

Submitting resources to the ipl2

Many people/organizations/companies have been asking about or submitting site suggestions to the ipl2.  We appreciate your time and suggestions.  We do have a Collection Policy that we follow closely.  To submit a site, please use our Contact form.

Materials to be added to the collections of the ipl2 are selected on the merits of a particular site in relation to the needs of the user community.

The user community for the ipl2 includes people of all ages, nationalities, occupations, and levels of education. The patrons’ needs are the guiding factors when selecting materials.

Children’s sites are usually included only in For Kids. Sites for teens are usually included only in For Teens.

English is the primary language of the ipl2. Its primacy does not preclude the selection of materials in foreign languages, especially in the foreign reference sources, newspaper, and magazine collections, but it is a guiding principle when selecting sites for inclusion in the general collections, For Kids, and For Teens.

The ipl2 does not include:

  • Sites or material that violate U.S. copyright law
  • Articles from journals or magazines, unless they are an excellent resource for providing background on a topic or explanations of a concept.
  • Sites that are strictly commercial and have no informational content
  • Sites with extremist views
  • Erotica
  • Degree or course programs, university gateway pages, or homepages. Web pages from colleges or universities on specific subjects are welcome.
  • For-pay or subscription sites. The exceptions are:
    • The subscription is free
    • The site provides some free information to which the ipl2 has applied its criteria

The ipl2 collection policy has changed over time and may change again. Therefore, resources already in the ipl2 may no longer fit the collection policy and will be weeded out as time and staffing permit.

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