On October 20, 2011, the Libyan government announced the death of Muammar Gadhafi, Libya’s former head of state and forth longest-serving non-royal leader. For years, the Gadhafi regime had mercilessly ruled Libya after abolishing the Libyan Constitution shortly after seizing power in 1969. In early 2011, the Gadhafi regime was overthrown during a civil war and arrest warrants were drawn up for Gadhafi stating crimes against humanity. As the city of Sirte fell to the rebel forces, Gadhafi was captured and shortly thereafter died from his wounds. Learn about other dictators, their regimes, their policies, and in some cases, their eventual downfalls.
New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources are already listed in the ipl2 collection.
King’s College History Department’s detailed history on fascism, including the rise of fascism in Italy, Spain, Germany, and France. Also provided is information on dictators Benito Mussolini, Francisco Franco, Adolf Hitler, Emperor Hirohito, and Emperor Haile Selassie.
NEW! The Observer: How dictators fall
The Observer’s February 26, 2011 article on the civil war in Libya and the dynamics involved in the downfall of a dictator.
NEW! Obama on death of Moammar Gadhafi: “momentous day” for Libya. Transcript
Transcript of the October 20, 2011 speech by United States President Barak Obama after the announcement by the Libyan Government of the death of Muammar Gadhafi.
NEW! Soviet Dictatorship
A detailed introduction to the period of Joseph Stalin’s rule over the Soviet Union, including the emergence of the Stalinist System, control of the Communist Party, dictatorship of Stalin, enhanced police controls, forced modernization, and increased military power.
NEW! Establishing a Dictatorship: The Stabilization of Nazi Power
Professor Raffael Scheck’s virtual textbook on Germany and Europe, 1871-1945. This chapter focuses on the Third Reich and the established dictatorship of Adolf Hitler.
NEW! The Great Depression in Global Perspective
Digital History’s article on the Great Depression, a global phenomenon which affected not only America, but Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and South America. Responses to The Great Depression, found throughout Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Japan, included fascism, militarism, and totalitarian communism.
NEW! Egypt’s civil uprising against a dictatorship and ‘Castro’s Cuba’
Article on Egypt’s uprising against President Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule and its effect on other dictatorships, including Fidel Castro’s Cuba.
NEW! Saddam Hussein, Defiant Dictator Who Ruled Iraq With Violence and Fear, Dies
The New York Times article from December 30, 2006 on the death of Saddam Hussein, after more than 30 years of tyrannical oppression. The article details Saddam Hussein’s
hold on Iraq and questions how he remained in power despite intervention by the United States military.
NEW! Social Policy in Chávez’s Venezuela: A Radical Alternative or More of the Same?
This 2008 article from the Harvard Review of Latin America dissects the notion of social policy in Venezuela during three main periods; before Hugo Chavez’s rise to power, his early years in office, and his post 2002 rule.
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