In the News: Spring Training

Spring! The end of winter, a time of renewal, the harbinger of baseball! Major League Baseball’s Spring Training is a time when all baseball teams meet up in various cities in Arizona and Florida for approximately 4- 6 weeks to begin preparing for the six month-long baseball season. Spring Training is a time for veteran players to condition their bodies and minds into playing shape for the long season, as well as a time for team managers and personnel to evaluate the rookies and younger players attempting to make the major league roster.

Arizona and Florida are two states where the weather is generally in contrast to other states at this time of year, with warm, mild days, away from the cold and snow of northern and mid-western states. These conditions are ideal for fans and students on spring break to take a respite from their own winter conditions and visit warmer sites while seeing their favorite players and teams in smaller, more fan-friendly environments than offered in the big ballparks during the regular season.

Throughout the years, Spring Training usually ran during the month of March, with catchers and pitchers often reporting 2-3 weeks earlier to begin a regimen of getting their arms in shape. More recently, all players are arriving earlier with actual training games being played earlier as well (the first Arizona games began on February 23, 2012). Spring Training now ends sometime during the last week of March, to give teams time to get back to their home ballparks and prepare for their first regular season game.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources can already be found in the ipl2 collection.

Spring Training: The Official Site of MLB’s Cactus and Grapefruit Leagues  (find it on the ipl2)

http://mlb.mlb.com/springtraining/index.jsp

This is the official Major League Baseball website for its Spring Training prior to the regular season. It includes news, schedules, results, and other features about Major League Baseball’s annual spring training in Arizona and Florida. It also features photos, video and audio clips, and stories about players and teams.

NEW! Cactus League

http://www.cactusleague.com/

This website provides information about spring training baseball in Arizona, which has been a tradition for devoted fans since 1947, when just two teams, the Cleveland Indians and the New York Giants, came to prepare for the upcoming baseball season while escaping the cold and snow of the northeastern United States. Today, 15 teams train in the Phoenix metropolitan area in the greatest concentration of professional baseball facilities found anywhere in the United States. This website has everything fans need to enjoy one game or several during the 2013 spring training season, as well as information on stadiums, schedules, teams, and official press releases.

Florida’s Grapefruit League (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.floridagrapefruitleague.com/

This is a website for Major League Baseball (MLB) spring training in Florida, where 16 teams play in 15 locations throughout the state. This site provides history, a list of teams and locations, photos, schedules, attendance figures, a printable guide, and related material from the Florida Sports Foundation.

NEW! Old Spring Training Sites

http://www.modernerabaseball.com/id80.html

Littered throughout America, particularly in Florida, are former, historic Spring Training venues that have managed to reinvent themselves. Four are even listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. It’s a story of how municipalities have turned diamonds once roamed by Hall-of-Famers into homes for future MLB stars. This site lists former Cactus and Grapefruit League Spring Training sites and what they are used for now.

Spring Training Sites for all American League Baseball Teams on Baseball Almanac (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.baseball-almanac.com/teams/springtrainingsites-al.shtml

Baseball Almanac presents a comprehensive Spring Training site-chart for the American League. Franchise moves ARE included in this historical chart so reviewing the Oakland Athletics line means data from their time in Philadelphia will be included as well. This website provides all Spring Training site by team, year and location.

Spring Training Sites for all National League Baseball Teams on Baseball Almanac (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.baseball-almanac.com/teams/springtrainingsites-nl.shtml

Baseball Almanac presents a comprehensive Spring Training site-chart for the National League. Franchise moves ARE included in this historical chart so reviewing the Atlanta Braves line means data from their time in Boston & Milwaukee will be included as well. This website provides all Spring Training site by team, year and location.

Thank you for visiting the ipl2!

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog.  Subscription is free and open to all!

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In the News: The Pope

On Monday, February 11, 2013,  Pope Benedict XVI shocked Catholics around the world by announcing his resignation from the papacy effective February 28th, 2013. He is the first pope in 600 years to step down from the post, which is one of the reasons that this is such a surprise to even those close to him. Let’s take this opportunity to look at the history of the papacy as well as explore the Vatican.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources can already be found in the ipl2 collection.

L’Osservatore Romano (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/

L’osservatore Romano is the official newspaper of the Vatican. It is written in many languages, including English, for those living outside of Italy and gives an insider view of how the Vatican reports the news on happenings within. For the past several days, this newspaper has had many articles on Pope Benedict’s resignation, how the Vatican is handling it and the response of Catholics from all over the world. This newspaper gives a fascinating look at the inner workings of the Vatican.

NEW! Vatican Radio

http://en.radiovaticana.va/index.asp

Vatican Radio touts itself as the “voice of the pope and the church in dialogue with the world.” Here you will find full text and audio of Pope Benedict’s resignation. Of particular interest are the additional articles, podcasts, live radio, and videos about the papacy. For those who can’t make the trip to the Vatican, this site has a live Web-TV link to the outside of St. Peter’s Square. You can watch the goings on from the comfort of your couch!

The List of Popes: The Catholic Encyclopedia (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12272b.htm

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an exhaustive list of all of the Popes of the Vatican, beginning with St. Peter (32—67), all the way to Benedict XVI (2005—). Click on any name and you will find a biography of that Pope. Benedict was only the 9th Pope to ever resign. Click on the others to read the circumstances of their resignations – Pontian (230—235), Marcellinus (296—304), Martin I (649—655), Benedict V (964), Benedict IX (1032—45), Gregory VI (1045—46), Celestine V (1294), and Gregory XII (1406—15).

NEW! History of the Papacy

http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ac65

From a definition of the word pope to the origins of the Catholic church, this site has fascinating information about the history of the papacy from its inception. Understanding its history will further knowledge of what pressures the pope faces, how his position came about, and how it has evolved over the centuries. This site also explains why the pope usually dies in office, the process of electing a new popes, and the origin of that process.

NEW! Inside the Vatican: National Geographic News

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/11/1118_vaticanmain.html

From the book and TV documentary “Inside the Vatican, National Geographic Goes Behind the Public Facade,” National Geographic Society (NGS) takes an unprecedented close-up look at the workings of the Vatican. With chapters including St. Peter’s Basilica, The Swiss Guards, The Pope’s Day, A City-State, The World’s Most Beautiful Stuff, The Holy See, Electing a New Pope, The Secret Archives, The Making of the Inside of the Vatican, and a Kids Activity Guide, this webpage has it all for the Vatican enthusiast. Although the NGS channel is no longer showing the 2001 documentary, narrated by Martin Sheen, one can purchase the DVD from the NGS store if interested.

NEW! Dante’s World, Inferno

http://danteworlds.laits.utexas.edu/circle8a.html

The last time a pope resigned voluntarily was 1294. Interestingly, rumor has it that the great poet Dante Alighieri was so angry about it that he put the abdicating pope (called Clement in this article), Celestine V, into the antechamber of his Inferno. In the more than seven centuries since, no pope has taken the name Celestine. Taken from “Dante’s World, A Readers Guide to the Inferno” (2007) this site has an analysis of how Dante viewed Celestine’s papacy and the effects of his resignation.

Thank you for visiting the ipl2!

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog.  Subscription is free and open to all!

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In the News: Immigration

President Obama and the U.S. Congress recently unveiled their proposals for an overhaul of the American immigration system. The sites below outline the history of immigration in the United States, as well as current information on this ongoing debate.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources can already be found in the ipl2 collection.

ipl2 Pathfinder: Immigration in the United States (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.ipl.org/div/pf/entry/48539

This IPL pathfinder is a starting point for research on immigration issues in the United States. This page is designed for history students of all ages, educators, and anyone who wants to explore current immigration issues. Both print and Internet resources are provided.

Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930 (find it on the ipl2)

http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/

Examine the history of immigration in America with this digital collection from the Open Collections Program of the Harvard University Library, covering the period from the signing of the Constitution to the onset of the Great Depression. Search on your own, or browse by genre, topics, themes, people, and organizations. This site also includes a timeline.

The Immigration Debate (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.npr.org/series/5310549/the-immigration-debate

This collection from National Public Radio (NPR) features questions and answers about immigration debates (immigration policy in general, illegal immigrants and the U.S. economy, and the U.S.-Mexico border), and opinions about immigration from politicians and other leaders. It also includes stories on guest workers, border control, public opinion of immigration laws, immigration rights protests, and related topics.

National Immigration Forum (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.immigrationforum.org/

The National Immigration Forum advocates and builds public support for public policies that welcome immigrants and refugees and that are fair and supportive to newcomers in our country. The resources on this web site range from important immigration facts to current events and recent immigration legislation.

Immigration Equality (find it on ipl2)

http://www.immigrationequality.org/

This site explains, promotes, and defends the immigration rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, and HIV-positive people under United States immigration law. The site addresses such issues as discrimination, referrals, consultations, outreach, and emergency asylum. It has a section where immigrants and would-be immigrants share their stories. Some information is also available in Spanish.

Thank you for supporting the ipl2! We hope you found these resources informative.

Reminder: You can now subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS. The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog.  Subscription is free and open to all!

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In the News: Super Bowl XLVII

The 47th Super Bowl was played on Sunday, February 3, 2013 at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. The NFL championship game was won by the Baltimore Ravens 34-31 over the San Francisco 49ers. It was the second Super Bowl won by the Ravens.  For the first time in Super Bowl history, it featured opposing head coach brothers, Baltimore’s John Harbaugh and San Francisco’s Jim Harbaugh. Check out the sites below to find out more information about the history of the Super Bowl and the teams that played in this year’s game.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources can already be found in the ipl2 collection.

SuperBowl.com (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/history

The NFL’s official Super Bowl site includes information about every Super Bowl played going back to Super Bowl I. The site includes information on the teams that played, the score, the MVP of the Game, the logo of each Bowl, who sung the national anthem, who the halftime entertainment was, as well as many other stats and facts.

NEW! Baltimore Ravens

http://www.baltimoreravens.com/

This is the official site of the Baltimore Ravens. It features information on the current roster, team statistics, media clips of the team, history of the team, and much more.

San Francisco 49ers (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.49ers.com/

This is the official site of the San Francisco 49ers. This site includes the player roster, team stats, media galleries, a history of the team including year-by-year statistics starting from 1950, and much more.

What’s in a name?

Interestingly this year’s match-up brought us two teams with names that are attributable to their regions in the 1840’s. The Baltimore Ravens were formerly the Cleveland Browns. The owner, Art Modell, relocated them to Baltimore in 1996. In order to select a new name, the franchise reached out to Baltimore fans through polls and focus groups to let them decide. The chosen name, the Ravens,  was inspired by the 1845 poem, The Raven, written by Edgar Allen Poe. For more information about Edgar Allen Poe and his most famous work, The Raven, visit the Edgar Allen Poe Society of Baltimore.

Raven by Manet

Illustrations are by Édouard Manet from the French translation of Edgar Allen Poe’s The Raven. Le Corbeau was translated by Stéphane Mallarmé. Illustration left to right: Le Corbeau – Manet , frontispiece and Le Corbeau – Manet, Plate 3.

The Edgar Allen Poe Society of Baltimore (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.eapoe.org/

Topics in this site range from standard bibliographical references and a biography to Poe’s family tree, appearance, religion, finances, and death. The selection of Poe’s work includes at least one version of every surviving poem and tale; essays, lectures, and literary criticism; and all known letters, including fakes. Poe’s life in Baltimore is chronicled with links to many historic sites and images. Links to other Poe-related organizations and Web sites complete this impressive source. Unanswered questions about Poe? Nevermore!

The San Francisco 49ers name was suggested by one of the original co-owners, Allen Sorell, in 1946, the 49ers’ first year of operation. It references the 300,000+ gold-seekers that flooded the California region from 1848-1855. It is the only name the team has ever been affiliated with and San Francisco is the only city in which the team has resided. To learn more about the original 49ers, check out Gold Rush – American Experience.

CA Gold Rush

Images are from the Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views. From left to right: Placer Mining, Brown’s Flat, Tuolumne County; Placer Mining, panning out; and Placer Mining, Columbia, Tuolumne Co.
To see each image in its original context, please click the titles of the images.

Gold Rush – PBS – American Experience (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/

Did you know that those who went west for gold sometimes spent $100 for a cup of water? This site includes maps, a timeline, information on the people and events, and other fun facts about the California Gold Rush.

Reminder: You can subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS.  The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog. Subscription is free and open to all!

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The Link: Black History Month

 

 Dr. Carter G. Woodson, Martin Luther King Jr, & Coretta Scott King, Billie Holiday photographed by Carl Van Vechten, Buffalo Soldier 9th Calvary Denver, Zora Neale Hurston, & Langston Hughes photographed by Carl Van Vechten

Images clock-wise from top-left: Dr. Carter G. Woodson, Martin Luther King, Jr. & Coretta Scott King, Billie Holiday photographed by Carl Van Vechten, Buffalo Soldier 9th Calvary Denver, Zora Neale Hurston, & Langston Hughes photographed by Carl Van Vechten

February marks Black History Month in the United States. Join us as we explore different facets of Black history and learn more about the ways that African Americans have contributed to the richness of American culture.

New resources that will be added to the ipl2 are noted NEW! All other resources can already be found in the ipl2 collection.

History

The History of Black History Month (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmintro1.html

This Information Please site features articles on Black History and biographies of notable African Americans in politics, history, entertainment, arts, and sports. The articles focus on the history and timeline of events that lead up to the creation of Black History Month.

NEW! Origins of Black History Month

http://www.history.com/videos/origins-of-black-history-month

This video from the History Channel explores the origins of Black History Month. It follows Dr. Carter G. Woodson’s determination to have the history of African Americans acknowledged in history books and in the public conscience. His work and advocacy laid the groundwork for Black History Month.

The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was a celebration of African American culture and art that began in New York City during the 1920s and 1930s. Its influence flourished throughout the United States and produced a movement that is still remembered and celebrated today. Writers, poets, musicians, and artists created beautiful works that captured the African American spirit and struggles of the time.

A Guide to the Harlem Renaissance (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/harlem/harlem.html

The Library of Congress sponsors collections from the Harlem Renaissance, including the Zora Neale Hurston plays, African American sheet music, and photographs from the time period.  There are also lesson plans here for poetry using Langston Hughes as a model.

Drop Me Off in Harlem (find it on the ipl2)

http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/harlem/facesmain_text.html

The Kennedy Center provides portraits of key members of the Harlem Renaissance including writers, actors, activists, and musicians. Read biographies and works of famous writers and poets of the era. There is also an embedded media player that plays audio files of poems by Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, and others.

Langston Hughes at 100 (find it on the ipl2)

http://brbl-archive.library.yale.edu/exhibitions/langstonhughes/web.html

Langston Hughes is perhaps the most well-known writer and poet of the Harlem Renaissance. This interactive Yale University collection focuses on his life and works. Some highlights include copies of his original manuscripts, playbills, photographs, and audio files.

Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement describes the period in the 1950s and 1960s where African Americans and other minority groups organized to change the discriminatory laws that served to keep them from exercising their full equality. Marked by boycotts, civil disobedience, and other forms of nonviolent protest, participants in the Civil Rights Movement struggled against great resistance to achieve legislative and cultural change.

Civil Rights Digital Library (CRDL) (find it on the ipl2)

http://crdl.usg.edu/

The Civil Rights Digital Library (CRDL) promotes knowledge of the struggle for racial equality in the 1950s and 1960s by “helping users discover primary sources and other educational materials” about the Civil Rights Movement. Search, or browse by events, places, people, topics, or media types to locate sound recordings, texts, visual works (including video clips), websites, and instructional material. CRDL is a partnership among librarians, archivists, educators, public broadcasters, and others.

Reporting Civil Rights (find it on the ipl2)

http://reportingcivilrights.loa.org/

This site documents the reporters and journalism of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. Find writer profiles, a timeline for 1941 through 1973, and “Perspectives on Reporting,” which features personal recollections from reporters active in that era.

Voices of Civil Rights (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.voiceofcivilrights.org/

This site collects and preserves “personal accounts of America’s struggle to fulfill the promise of equality for all.” Voices of Civil Rights features a searchable archive of short personal stories submitted by individuals, longer stories with audio and transcripts, a timeline back to 1868, a list of related sites, and a bibliography. This resource is a joint effort of AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), and the Library of Congress.

Biographies

Throughout history, African Americans have enriched every aspect of American life. From science and technology to the arts and the humanities, African Americans have contributed significantly to how we live our lives. Reading about these prominent figures in history and current events helps us understand how important African Americans have been to the development of American culture.

NEW! Black History Month Biographies: Movers and Shakers

http://www.who2.com/common-bonds/black-history-month-biographies/movers-and-shakers

Who2.com is a trusted ipl2 website with almost 4000 biographies of famous figures. Its page dedicated to Black History Month includes famous African Americans under the topics “Movers and Shakers,” “Science and Technology,” “People in the News,” “Writers,” “Entertainers,” “Athletes,” and “Religious Figures.” Who2 offers quick facts, thumbnail bios, and links to more information.

Black History (find it on ipl2)

http://www.biography.com/people/groups/black-history

Biography.com is a well-known, authoritative website that offers biographies of important African Americans in a variety of formats. Here you can find videos, photos, timelines, and study guides to learn about how these influential African Americans have impacted the American cultural landscape. In addition, this site has a discussion board where you can join the conversation.

NEW! Biographies of Famous African Americans

http://www.factmonster.com/spot/bhmbios1.html

FactMonster, a subsidiary of Pearson Publishing, offers an exhaustive number of biographies of African Americans in a child-friendly design. Broken down in alphabetical groups, FactMonster gives you fast facts on figures from Aaliyah to James Van der Zee with links to even more information. Using FactMonster for research is easy – it will create citations for you, you can print articles, and you can find multimedia on any of the biographies on the list!

Jazz

Jazz is a form of music that emphasizes improvisation, syncopation, and collaboration.  While today jazz music is played and enjoyed around the world by people of myriad ethnic backgrounds, the genre has its roots in African American culture.  Check out these resources to celebrate Black History Month in a most musical way.

Jazz: A Film by Ken Burns (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.pbs.org/jazz/

Created as a companion to Ken Burns’ documentary miniseries, this website explores the history of jazz, from its roots in spirituals and ragtime to its modern manifestations.  A primary focus of the site is the big band era, during which African American musicians like Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington heavily influenced the genre.  Included are audio clips of many jazz performers (RealPlayer), and extensive biographies from the New Grove Dictionary of Jazz.

Smithsonian Jazz (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.smithsonianjazz.org/

The “Explore” section of this site features a number of resources, from a basic definition of the genre to an extensive collection of oral histories by jazz greats like Art Farmer and Sonny Rollins.  Smithsonian Jazz also offers a number of lesson planning resources for elementary and middle school teachers, such as handouts defining common jazz jargon and worksheets for comparing two or more musicians/pieces.

William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz (find it on the ipl2)

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wghtml/wghome.html

Hosted by the Library of Congress, the William P. Gottlieb Collection documents the jazz scene from 1938 to 1948, primarily in New York City and Washington, D.C.  The collection’s hundreds of photographs feature such notable jazz personalities as Dizzy Gillespie, Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, and Thelonious Monk.  In addition to the photographs, the site includes some biographical materials concerning photographer William Gottlieb, as well as 1940s-era articles from Down Beat, a prominent jazz magazine.

NPR Jazz (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.npr.org/music/genres/jazz-blues/

For the latest jazz buzz, check out NPR Jazz, which features blog posts, music and book reviews, descriptions and schedules of jazz programming on National Public Radio, profiles of musicians, and expert recommendations from the NPR Basic Jazz Record Library. Profiles and recommendations include audio clips.

Black-only Army Regiments in the 1800s

African Americans have served in every military action in U.S. history, often receiving poor assignments in dangerous or harsh environments.  The 24th and 25th U.S. Army infantry regiments were the two black-only regiments established in 1869. These regiments earned the name Buffalo Soldiers from the Indians who they fought in the late 1800s. It is a term of respect for the intense fighting spirit and courage the Indians experienced in their battles.

NEW! Buffalo Soldiers Research Museum

http://www.buffalosoldiersresearchmuseum.org/

The Buffalo Soldiers Research Museum features more than 2000 books, publications, and magazine and other media collections that examine the history of the Buffalo Soldiers. The museum’s website provides definitions, histories, research sources, collections of photographs, a newsletter archive, and contact information.

NEW! The Buffalo Soldiers

http://www.nps.gov/prsf/historyculture/buffalo-soldiers.htm

The Presidio of San Francisco once garrisoned a regiment of Buffalo Soldiers. Their National Parks Service website not only provides a history of the garrisoned Buffalo Soldiers, but also many chapters of Buffalo Soldiers’ exploits on the Western frontier, in the Spanish-American, Philippine, and first world wars, and various patrols they performed. The site also features a history of the creation, and ultimate disbanding, of the Buffalo Soldiers.

Buffalo Soldiers & Indian Wars (find it on the ipl2)

http://www.buffalosoldier.net/

This informative site details many of the skirmishes and campaigns that involved the Buffalo Soldiers and Native American Indians. It also provides an extensive list of links to many more Buffalo Soldiers resources, as well as sites discussing minorities, the West, the Civil War, and other educational and government resources.

Reminder: You can subscribe to ipl2’s newsletter and weekly blog posts via email as well as RSS.  The “Email Subscription” feature appears prominently in the upper left-hand side of the page on the ipl2’s News and Information WordPress blog. Subscription is free and open to all!

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